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莱比锡大学

莱比锡大学
莱比锡大学

laibixidaxue

sakesenzhou

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    泰晤士
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  • 151-200

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xuexiaojianjie

莱比锡大学(Universität Leipzig)位于德国萨克森州的莱比锡,创立于1409年,是欧洲最古老的大学之一,也是现今德国管辖地区内历史第二悠久的大学,仅次于海德堡大学(1386年),略高于罗斯托克大学(1419年)。另两所创建曾早于莱比锡大学的大学是科隆大学(1388年—1798年,1919年重建)和埃尔福特大学(1392年—1816年,1994年重建)都曾关闭后又重开。1953年至1991年间,莱比锡大学曾名为“莱比锡卡尔·马克思大学”。

学校简介

zicongchuangjianyilaijinglilechaoguo600nianbujianduandejiaoxueyukeyan,xianzaidelaibixidaxuefazhandaole14gexi、150duogeyanjiusuo,youzhucexuesheng29668ren(2006niandongjixueqi),shilaibixizuidadeyisuodaxue,sakesenzhoudierdadedaxue。zhumingxiaoyouyoulaibunizi、gede、nicai、lishixuejialanke、rang·baoluodeng。1879niandeguoxinlixuejiaweilian·fengterenlaibixidaxuezhexuejiaoshoushijianlilediyigexinlishiyanshi,biaozhizhuxiandaixinlixuedekaiduan。yixuezhuanyeshilaibixidaxuezuizhimingdezhuanye。

历史沿革

影响

zaiouzhou,chuleyeyicunzaidedaxuewai,13shijixinjiandedaxuedoushiyoujiaohuangchangyibingshezhide,jinru14shiji,ouzhougedidejunzhufenfenkaisheshuyuzijidedaxue,danrengbixuhuodejiaohuangderenke,ouzhoudaxuedeshuliangxunsuzengjia。1378nian—1417nianfashenglejiaohuidafenlie,zheiduiouzhoudezhengzhibantuhedaxuebujuchanshengleshenyuandeyingxiang。yinweizheichangjiaohuidafenlie,yuanbenjujizaibalidelaiziouzhougedideshishengqizhixianmingdizhandaolegedisuozhichidejiaohuangneiyibian,jianruideminzuduilihezongjiaoxinyangchongtudaozhiledeguoshishengdaguimodilikaibalidaxuefanhuiguxiang,youcicuchengledeguoneiyidapidaxuedechuxian。deyuquandiquzaijiaohuangdedalizhichixia,14shijihoubanqichuxianleyichangxinjiandaxuedeyundong,zheipixindaxuedouhuodelejiaohuangbanfadetexu。

学校资助

1409nianbulagechalidaxuefashengletongyangdefenlieqingkuang,xuduozaibulagedejiaoshihexueshengyincifanhuideguo。zaizheiyangdebeijingxia,tulingendefangbohoujue、weitingwangchaodebianbohoujue、houlaidesakesenxuandihoufeitelieyishi(friedrich i. (sachsen),1370nian4yue11ri–1428nian1yue4ri)hetadedidiweitingwangchaodebianbohoujueweilianershi(williamii,1371nian4yue23ri–1425nian3yue30ri)yu1409nianchuangjianlelaibixidaxue,dangshidexiaomingweialmamaterlipsiensis,daxueshelideyishuxijieshoulecongbulagehuilaideshisheng,laibixidaxuehuodeledangditongzhizhededalizizhu,bingzaitongnian9yue9rihuodejiaohuangyalishandawushiderenke,12yue2rizhengshichengli。qihouyouxiangjishelileyixuexi(1415nian)hefaxuexi(1446nian)。

三月革命中的莱比锡大学

jiexialaidejigeshiji,laibixidaxuechixufazhan,jianlilexindeyuanxi,bingyiduchengweideguozuidadedaxue。laibixidaxueshishengcanjialedeguo1848niandesanyuegeming。1923niansakesenhuangjiashouyixuexiaocongdeleisidunbandaolelaibixi,chengweilaibixidaxuedeshouyixi。

十一月革命中的莱比锡大学

zai20shijichuqi,laibixidaxueshishengdeyouyibaoshouzhuyisixianggaozhang,deguoshiyiyuegeming(1918nian—1919nian)shi,xueshengmenzaixiaozhangdeyaoqiuxiaquxialedaxuezhuloushangdehongqi,guashangleweitingwangchaodeqizhi。yinweimazhengfuqianshu1919nianfanersaitiaoyueeryinfadekapuzhengbianqijian,laibixidaxuedexueshengzhiyuanzhezhanlingleshizhongxinbingxiangkapudefanduizhekaiqiang。1931nianlaibixidaxuedeguojiashehuizhuyi(nacui)xueshengzuzhiyingdedaxuexueshengzuzhidexuanju,1933nianchaoguo100mingjiaoshoulianmingzhichixiteleshangtai,diercishijiedazhanbaofahou,laibixidaxuechengweibeiyunxujixushoukedesisuo“dadeyizhi”daxuezhiyi。

erzhanjieshushi,laibixidaxue60%dejianzhuhe70%dezangshubeihui,1946nian2yue5ridaxuezhongxinkaifang,cihoudaxueluxuzhongjianhekuojian,daxuexiaomenyoubeiyuwei“pulushigudianzhuyizhe”dekaer·fulidelixi·shenkeersheji。dao2009niandaxue600zhounianxiaoqingshishizhongxinxiaoyuanjiangquanxinluocheng。

莱比锡大学最后名称

laibixidaxue1953niangaiming“laibixikaer·makesidaxue”,1991nianyougaihui。

院系设置

shenxuexi

faxuexi

lishi、yishuhedongfangwenhuaxiwenzixuexi

jiaoyuxuexi

shehuixuehezhexuexi

jingjixuexi

tiyuxi

yixuexi

shuxuehejisuanjixuexi

shengwuxue、yaoxuehexinlixuexi

wulixuehediqiukexuexi

huaxuehekuangwuxuexi

shouyixuexi

专业设置

gongxuezhuanye

jianzhugongcheng

xinxixixue

jingjigongchengxue(jianzhugongcheng)

xinxixue

tumugongcheng

tongxunhexuanchuanmeijiekexue〈ncu〉

jisuanjixue

guanlixuezhuanye

qiyeguanli〈ncz〉

qiyeguanlixue〈ncu〉

lixuezhuanye

shengwuhuaxue〈ncu〉

huaxue(huaxuehehuanjinghuaxue)

dilixue〈ncu〉

dizhixue/gushengwuxue

diqiuwulixue

shuxue

qixiangxue

kuangwuxue

wulixue

lilunwuli

shengwuhuaxue

shengwuxue

huaxue

shiyanwulixue

shuxue

wulixue

shenxuezhuanye

jidujiaoshenxue

jidujiaoshexue

fuyinxinjiaoshenxue

zongjiaoxueshehuixue〈ncu〉

faxueleizhuanye

zhengzhixue〈ncu〉

zhengzhijingjixue(ncu)

shehuixue〈ncu〉

renzhongxue〈ncu〉

wenhuakexue〈ncu〉

shishi

minzuxue

zhengzhikexue

zhengzhijingjixue〈ncu〉

falvxue〈ncu〉

lishixuezhuanye

bolanxue

gudaidongfangxue〈ncu〉

feizhouxue

aijixue

gudianlishigaojishanggu

gudailishixue

diquxingshangguhuozheguluomaxingshengkaoguxue

faguolishiyanjiu

feizhouwenhualishihewenhuaxue

lishifuzhukexue/danganxue

dongoujidongnanoukexue

shanggu、gudailishi

ribenxue

putongshanggu、gudailishixue

gudaikaoguxue

gudaiwenhuayulishi

gudaishi

lishi

chuantongkaoguxue

zhongshijihejindailishi

dongoujidongnanyalishi

jingjixuezhuanye

jingjixinxixue

jingjishuxue

qiyejingjixue

guominjingjixue

jingjixuexueke

jingjijisuanji

zhexue

zhongyakexue

lunlixue

luojixuehelilunkexue

zhexue

yiyaoxueleixuekezhuanye

yaojixue

yayixue

shouyi

yixue

yuyanwenxuejiyishuleixuekezhuanye

yinlexue

helanyuyanwenxue

bolanyuyanwenxue

luomaniyayuyanwenxue

xinxilayuyanwenxue

mingzixue/zhuanmencihui/ciyuanxue

boximiyayusilafuyuyanwenhua

putaoyayuyanwenxue

meishushi〈ncu〉

ladingyuwenxue

gudianyuyanwenxue

yabovipyuxinwenmeijiexue

gudianwenxue

guxilayuwen

baojialiyayuyanwenhua

xisilafuyuyanwenxueluomayuzuyuyanwenxue

dongsilafuyuwenxue

guaijiyuyanwenhua

yishu

deyuyuyanwenxue

hanyuwenxue

eluosiyuyanwenxue

meiguoyuyanwenxue

boheiwenxuesiluofakewenxue

nidelanyuyanwenxue

xijukexue

lishiyuxitongxue

wenhualilun

wenhuakexue

suobuyuyanwenxue

yingguoyuyanwenhua

fanyi(kouyi)

xinwenxue

fanyixue(biyi)putongyuyanxue

putongbijiaowenxue〈ncu〉yingguowenxue〈ncu〉

alaboyuwenxuehedongfangyuwenxue

ribenyuyanwenxue

deyu(zuoweiwaiyu)

faguoyuyanwenxue

xilayuyanwenxue

xibanyayuyanwenxue

yinduyuyanwenxue

yidaliyuyanwenxue

xinwenxue〈ncu〉

nansilafuyuyanwenxue

wutaiyanchukexue〈ncu〉

jiaoyukexuexuekezhuanye

tiyuxue〈ncu〉

deyushifan

fayushifan

yishulishi/yishujiaoyushifan

suobuyushifan

xinlixue〈ncz〉

tiyuxue〈ncu〉

jingjijiaoyuxue〈ncu〉

dilishifan

jiaoyuxue〈ncu〉

xinlixue〈ncu〉

fuyinxinjiaoshenxueshifan

guxilawenshifan

热门专业

yike、wuli、yaojixue、zirandili、xinlixue、falv、shehuixue、tiyu、tiyuguanli、jiegouhuaxue、xiju、duomeitizhizuojishu、fanyixue、huanjingdizhixue、yibanhebijiaowenxue、qiyejingjixue、shengwuxue、tongxunguanli、jiaoyuxuedeng

优势专业

jingjixue、shehuixue、xinwenxue、yuyanwenxue、yixue、zhexue、shengwu、wuli、xinxixue、huanjingdengfangmiandezhuanye

著名教授讲师

zaijin600niandelishizhong,youguobujiqishudejiaoshouhexuezhezailaibixidaxuerenjiao,qizhongbaokuo

ensite·buluohe,deguozhexuejia,1948nian—1957nianrenjiao

bide·debai,helanhuaxuejia,1936niannuobeierhuaxuejianghuodezhe,1927nian—1936nianrenwulixueyanjiusuozhuren。

wona·haisenbao,deguowulixuejia,1932niannuobeierwulixuejianghuodezhe,1927nian—1942nianrenlilunwulixuejiaoshou。

gusitafu·hezi,deguowulixuejia,1925niannuobeierwulixuejianghuodezhe,1954nian—1961nianrenwulixueyanjiusuozhuren。

yuehan·madiyasi·haze,deguoshuxuejia、tianwenxuejia、dituhuizhijiahelishidilixuejia。

feilikesi·kelaiyin,deguoshuxuejia,1880nian—1886nianrenjiao。

getehuoerde·aifulaimu·laixin,deguoshiren。

kaer·fulidelixi·weilian·ludeweixi,deguoshenglixuejia,1865nianqirenshenglixuejiaoshou。

teaoduoer·momusen,deguolishixuejia,1902niannuobeierwenxuejianghuodezhe,1848nian—1851nianrenfaxuejiaoshou。

fulidelixi·laceer,dilixuejia,1886nian—1904nianrenjiaoshou。

fulidelixi·weilian·licheer,yuyanxuejia,1865nian—1875nianrenjiaoshou。

kangsitanding·feng·dishenduofu,shenxuejia,1854nianqirenjiaoshou。

nataen·zedebuluomu,zongjiaolishixuejia,1930niannuobeierhepingjianghuodezhe,1912nian—1914nianrenzongjiaoxueyanjiusuozhuren。

weilian·aositewaerde,deguohuaxuejia,1909niannuobeierhuaxuejianghuodezhe,1887nian—1906nianrenwulihuaxuejiaoshou。

weilian·fengte,deguoxinlixuejia,shiyanxinlixuedechuangshiren,1875nianrenzhexuejiaoshou,1879nianzailaibixijianlidiyigexinlixueyanjiusuo。

知名校友

yeyoubujiqishudezhumingrenwucengzailaibixidaxuejiudu,qizhongbaokuo

digu·bulahe,danmaiguizu,tianwenxuejiajianzhanxingshushihelianjinshushi,kaipulezhishi。

aotuo·feng·gelike,deguowulixuejia,yu1657nianshejibingjinxinglezhumingdemadebaobanqiushiyan,1617-1619nianjiuduyishuzhuanye。

tuomasi·mincaier,deguozongjiaogaigedejijinpailingxiu,deguonongminzhanzhenglingxiu,1506nianqijiudubiaoyanzhuanye。

geaoerge·agelikela,deguoxuezhe,“kuangwuxuezhifu”,1514nian—1518nianjiuduwenxuezhuanye,1521nian—1522nianjiuduyixuezhuanye。

geaoerge·buleidixi,deguowulihuaxuejia,cengjiuduwulihuaxuezhuanye。

aernuode·gailun,deguozhexuejiaheshehuixuejia,zhexuerenleixuedezhuyaodaibiao1924nian—1927nianjiuduzhexue、yuyanxue、riermanxuehexinlixuezhuanye。

nuowalisi,deguozaoqilangmanzhuyizuojia、zhexuejiahecaikuangyegongchengshi,1791nian—1794nianjiudufaxue、zhexueheshuxuezhuanye。

getefulide·weilian·laibunici,deguozhexuejiaheshuxuejia,1661nian—1663nianjiuduzhexuezhuanye。

yuehan·woerfugang·feng·gede,deguoshiren,1765nian—1768nianjiudufaxueheshigexuezhuanye。

fulidelixi·nicai,deguozhexuejia,1865nian—1869nianjiudujingdianyuyanxuezhuanye。

ensite·ronggeer,deguozuojiahekunchongxuejia,1923nianqijiududongwuxue、zhexuezhuanye,weibiye。

haiyinlixi·fulaiheer·feng·husen,deguowaijiaojia,bidedadideguwen。

fudinan·de·suoxuer,ruishiyuyanxuejia,“xiandaiyuyanxuezhifu”,cengjiuduyinouyuzhuanye。

lanke,deguolishixuejia,xifangjindaishixuedezhongyaodianjizhezhiyi,1814nian-1818nianjiudushenxuehezhexuezhuanye。

ailixi·kesitene,deguozuojia,1919nian—1925nianjiudulishixue、zhexue、riermanxuehexijuxuezhuanye。

kuerte·shumahe,deguozhengzhijia,1915nian—1917nianjiudufaxueheguojiajingjixuezhuanye。

luobote·shuman,deguozuoqujiahegangqinjia,1828nianqijiudufaxuezhuanye。

lichade·wagena,deguozuoqujia,deguogejudezuizhongyaodianjirenzhiyi,1831nianqijiuduyinlezhuanye。

aidehua·taile,chushengyuxiongyalidemeiguolilunwulixuejia,“qingdanzhifu”,1928nian—1930nianjiudulilunwulixuezhuanye。

kaer·libukeneixi,deguoguojishehuizhuyizhehefanjunshizhuyizhe,deguoshehuiminzhudangchuangshirenzhiyi,1890nian—1893nianjiudufaxue、guojiajingjixue、lishixuehezhexuezhuanye。

angela·mokeer,deguozhengzhijia,deguolishishangdeshouweinvzongli,1973nian—1978nianjiuduwulixuezhuanye。

hansi-ditelixi·genshe,deguozhengzhijia,cengrendeguolianbangneizhengbuzhanghewaijiaobuzhang,cengjiudufaxuezhuanye。

mixieer·baqielaite,zhilizhengzhijia,zhilidiyiwei,nanmeizhoudiyiwei、ladingmeizhoudisanweinvxingminxuanzongtong,1974nianjiuduriermanyuyanwenxueheyixuexuezhuanye。

知名中国校友

guhongming,zhongguosixiangjia,shizhongguojinxiandaihanjiandeyiweiboxuezhongguochuantongwenhuadetongshiyoujingtongxifangyuyanyuwenhuadexuezhe,bingzhuyou《zhongguodeniujinyundong》he《zhongguorendejingshen》,1877nianjiudutumugongcheng。

caiyuanpei,zhongguojiaoyujia,zhonghuaminguoshourenjiaoyuzongzhang,1916nianzhi1927nianrenbeijingdaxuexiaozhang,gexinbeida,kai“xueshu”yu“ziyou”zhifeng,1908-1911nianjiuduzhexue,xinlixueheyishushizhuanye。

linyutang,zhongguozuojia,xianhourenqinghuadaxue,beijingdaxuejiaoshouheyingwenxizhuren,tichang“yiziyabovipweizhongxin,yixianshiweigediao”dexiaopinwen,duizhihoudewenxuejieyingxiangshenyuan,zhumingzuopinyou《wuguoyuwumin》、《jinghuayanyun》deng。1921-1922jiuduyuyanxue,huoboshixuewei。

zhoupeiyuan,zhongguolilunwulixuejia、liutilixuejia,qinghuadaxuebiye。lirenbeijingdaxuewulixijiaoshou、beijingdaxuexiaozhang,zhongguokexueyuanyuanshi。1928nianqiufude,zaiw.k.haisenbo(heisenberg)jiaoshoulingdaoxiagongzuo;

xiaoyoumei,zhongguoyinlejiaoyujiajizuoqujia,zhongguojindaiyinlejiaoyuzhifu。liren“beijingdaxuefusheyinlechuanxisuo”daoshi,jiaowuzhuren。1927nian,choujianzhongguodiyisuozhuanyegaodengyinlejiaoyujigouguoliyinleyuan。hougaizuweiguoliyinlezhuankexuexiao(shanghaiyabovip),bingqiedanrenxiaozhang。1912nianjiudulaibixidaxuehelaibixiyabovip,xuexizuoqulilun。

luogan,zhongguogongchandangdangyuan,zhonggongzhongyangzhengzhijuweiyuan、zhongyangshujichushuji,guowuweiyuan,zhonggongzhongyangguojiajiguangongzuoweiyuanhuishuji,zhongyangzhengfaweiyuanhuishuji,gaojigongchengshi。2002nian11yue,dangxuanzhonggongzhongyangzhengzhijuchangwei,chengweizhongguogongchandangzhuyaolingdaorenzhiyi。1954-1955nianjiududeyu。

meizhaorong,zhongguowaijiaojia,zhongguogongchandangdangyuan。lirenzhuminzhudeguodashiguansuiyuan,waijiaobusuliandongousifuchuzhang,zhuminzhudeguodashiguan、lianbangdeguodashiguanerdengmishu,waijiaobuxiousichuzhang、fusizhang、sizhang,1988nian6yuezhi1997nian1yuerenzhongguozhudeyizhilianbanggongheguotemingquanquandashi。1953-1956nianjiududeyu。

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