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哥廷根大学

哥廷根大学
哥廷根大学

getinggendaxue

xiasakesenzhou

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xuexiaojianjie

qiaozhi-aogusidou-getinggendaxue(georg-august-university of g?ttingen),jianchenggetinggendaxue,weiyudeguoxibeibuxiasakesenzhounanduandedaxuechenggetinggenshi,yinyingwangqiaozhiershichuangjianerdeming。shijianyu1734nian,yu1737nianxianggongzhongkaifang。

简介

getinggendaxue(youyiweigedinggendaxuehuogedinggendaxue)tongdeguodehaidebaodaxue、fulaibaodaxue、tubingendaxuexiangsi,getinggendaxueshuyuchuantongdedaxuecheng,shi“meiyouxiaomenheweiqiangdedaxue”。

2007nian10yue19ri,deguodierlun“jingyingdaxue”pingxuanzuizhongjiexiao,getinggendaxuechengweideguojiusuojingyingdaxuezhiyi。

getinggendaxueyouzhelianghaodeguojishengyu。zai2010nian“taiwushigaodengjiaoyudaxueshijiepaiming”zhong,getinggendaxuepaimingdeguodi1,quanqiudi43wei。zai2012nian“taiwushigaodengjiaoyudaxueshijiepaiming”zhong,mingliedeguodi2,quanqiudi70wei。tongshizai2011nian“shijiedaxuexueshupaiming”zhong,mingliedeguodi4,quanqiudi86wei。lingwaizai2012nian“qsshijiedaxuepaiming”zhongmingliedeguodi6,quanqiudi119wei。

getinggendaxueshikeyingbulajituandechengyuanzhiyi (jicoimbra group,jianchengcg,shiyou39suoouzhouzuigulaoqiefushengwangdejingyingdaxuezuchengdejituan)。

历史

始创

1734nianshiweiyingguoguowangjihannuoweidagongdeqiaozhiershijuedingweipaiqizhongchenfeng·mingxihaosenzaigetinggenchuangbanyisuodaxue,zhizaihongyangouzhouqimengshidaixueshuziyoudelinian,getinggendaxueyeyinciyikaiouzhoudaxuexueshuziyouzhifengqi。daxuechuangbanzhichu,jisheyoushenxue、faxue、zhexue、yixuesidajingdianxueke,youyizirankexuehefaxueweizhong。

18-19世纪

zhengge18shiji,getinggendaxueyinqijiweiziyoudekexuetansuojingshenhefenweierjuyudeguodaxuezhongxindiwei。dao1812nianxuexiaoyijingfazhanchengweijuyoutushuzangliang25wance,beihaineiwairenkedeyisuoxiandaihuadaxue。napoluncengyuciyanxifalv,bingyan“getinggenshishuyuquanouzhoude”。

getinggendaxuechuyifaxuewenmingyushi。18shijideguozhumingguojiafaxuedashipitecengyucizhijiaobangeshiji,erxiyinledapixueshengqiuxue,aodilishouxiangkelaimensi·meitenie,bolindaxuedechuangbanzheweilian·feng·hongbaodoushitadexuesheng。zhi1837nianqijianxiao100nianshi,getinggendaxueyinjihumeinianfaxueyuanzhucedexueshengjunzhanquanxiaozaiduxueshengrenshudeyibanyishangerbeichengwei“fakedaxue”。ergetinggendaxueyeyincichengwei18shijideguogongfaxuedemaijia。

1837nianfashenglezhumingde“getinggenqijunzishijian”,getinggendeqimingjiaoshouyinfanduihannuoweiguowangfeichuxianfazhijuerbeiquzhuchugetinggendaxue,gelinxiongdiyezaicilie,zheiyishijianfanyingchugetinggendezhishifenziduiziyoudereaiyuhanweixianfadeyongqi。cihou,gusitafu·huguoheaixihuoenyu19shijizaicizhijiaobingchengweideguolishifaxuepaidexianqu。19shijimo,chuangzao“diyueguoshizeren”lilundezhumingminfaxuejiayelinzaicirenjiao。

gengranggetinggenchengweishirenzhumudekexuezhongxindeshiqizirankexue,youqishishuxue。beichengwei“zuizhongyaodeshuxuejia”degaosijiuyu18shijirenjiaoyucibingkaichuanglegetinggenxuepai。cihou,liman、dilikeleiheyakebizaidaishu、jihe、shulunhefenxilingyuzuochulegongxian。dao19shiji,zhumingshuxuejiaxierbotehekelaiyingengshixiyinledapishuxuejiaqianwanggetinggen,congershideguogetinggenshuxuexuepaijinrulequanshengshiqi。dao20shijichu,getinggenyichengweiwukezhengbiandeshijieshuxuezhongxinhemaijiashengdi。

19世纪末-20世纪初

zheiyishiqi,getinggendaxuezaiquanounaizhishijieshangdexueshudiweidadaoledingfeng。

45weinuobeierjiangdezhucengzaigetinggendaxuexuexi、renjiaohuoyanjiu,qizhongdabufenweiwulihehuaxuejiang,qitaweiyixue、hepingjiwenxuejiang。buguoyinweidaduoshunuobeierjiangdoushizai20shijishangbanyehuodede,qidezhuduoyiqushi。zaizheibangeshijicongzheilizouchudenuobeierjiangdezhurenshuweijushijiedaxuedibawei,chuangzaole“getinggennuobeierqiji”。

ciwai,deyizhidiguoshiqide“tiexuezaixiang”aotuo·feng·bisimai,lianbangdeguoqianzongtonglixiade·feng·weicizekejiqianzongligehate·shiluodejuncengyugetinggendaxuexuexifalv。deguodashirenhainieyezaiciqudefaxueboshi。gelinxiongdizaicirenjiaobingbianxielediyibudeyucidian。xianxiangxuedashiaidemengde·husaierzaicirenjiao,zhexuejiayase·shubenhua,shehuixuedashimakesi·weiboyuyouergen·habeimasidengyexianhouqiuxueyugetinggen。

纳粹时期

1933nianxiteleshangtai,duiyoutairenjinxingcankupohai,getinggendaxueyeyincishoudaozhimingzhongchuang,dapizhimingdeyoutaijikexuejiahexuezhebeipolikaigetinggen,qianwangmeiguo。

专业

ligongkaoshizhuanyenongyekexue,qiyejingjixueyuanli,shengwuxue,huaxue,xinjiaoshenxue,senlinxue,dilixue,dizhixue/gushengwuxue,diqiuwulixue,shuxue,kuangwuxue,wulixue,xinlixue,shehuixue,(zichanjieji)zhengzhijingjixue,jingjixinxixue,jingjijiaoyuxue。

wenkekaoshizhuanyekaoguxue,yashuxue,jidujiaokaoguxue,baizhantingyishushi,dilixue,riermanwenxue,lishi,xilayuwenxue,yinduriermanyuxidebijiaoyuyanxue,ribenyuwenxue,yishushi/yishukexue,ladingyuyuwenxue,yinlexue,dongou、dongnanoushi,jiaoyuxue,zhexue,zhengzhixue,hanxue,shehuixue,tiyuxue,yuyanxue,(xi)zangxue/miandianyuyanjiwenxueyanjiu,tuerqixue,shiqianshixue,gudaishi,minzuxue/renzhongxue,minsuxue。

guojiakaoshizhuanyeyixue,faxue,yayi。

院系

学生和院系情况

2005niangetinggendaxuedezaicexueshengrenshujin2wan5qianren,qizhongbaokuodaxuesheng24,398renheboshisheng643ren。jiaoshou420ming,jiaoyanrenyuangong3qianduoren。tasuoshudeyiyaoxuexiaoxiashe19gezhongxin,qizhongbaokuogezhonggeyangdezhensuo。zicong1980nianyilai,gaidaxueyijinggenjubutongxuekechenglile13geyuanxi。baokuo

研究所

zaizheixieyuanxizhongsheyou170duogeyanjiusuo,xizhurendoushixueshuweiyuanhuichengyuan。

lingwai,getinggensheyou4gemakesi·pulangkeyanjiusuo(fenbieweimakesi·pulangkezuqunyuzongjiaoduoyangxingyanjiusuo[yuanlaidelishiyanjiusuo]、makesi·pulangkeshengwuwulihuaxueyanjiusuo、makesi·pulangkeshiyanyixueyanjiusuohemakesi·pulangkedonglixueyanjiusuo),yugetinggendaxuejinxingxuekeshangdehezuo,shigetinggenbaochizhekexueyanjiushangdelingxiandiwei。

zaizhongguo,getinggendaxuehenanjingdaxuehebanyouzhongdefaxueyanjiusuo。

图书馆

shezaigetinggendexiasakesenzhouzhoulijigetinggendaxuetushuguanzangshufengfu,chaoguo500wance,shideguodangjinwudatushuguanzhiyi。

有趣传统

zaigetinggendaxuezhijinhaibaocunzheyixiangyoumingdeheyouqudechuantong,jiushizaiboshishengtongguodabianhuodexueweidedangtian,douhuitoudaiboshimao,zaiqinyoudepeitongxiachengzuohuacheqianwangshizhongxindeenvhaiguangchangquqinwen“envhaidiaoxiang”。

知名校友(以下包括哥廷根大学的教授、学生及访问学者)

自然科学

shuxuejia -kaer·fulidelixi·gaosi(shuxuewangzi)

shuxuejia -yuehan·dilikelei

shuxuejia -boenhade·liman

shuxuejia -lichade·daidejin

shuxuejia -feilikesi·kelaiyin

shuxuejia -dawei·xierbote

wulixuejia -luobote·aobenhaimo(diyipiyuanzidanzhizaozhe,getinggendaxueboshi)

wulixuejia -weilian·weien(1911niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

wulixuejia -makesi·feng·laoe(1914niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng、rongyujiaoshou)

wulixuejia -makesi·pulangke(1918niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,xueshuweiyuanhuichengyuan)

wulixuejia -yuehannisi·sitake(1919niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuejiaoshou)

wulixuejia -luobote·andelu·miligen(1923niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

wulixuejia -xigebaen(1924niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

wulixuejia -zhanmusi·fulanke(1925niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng、jiaoshou)

wulixuejia -haiyinlixi·ludaofu·hezi(1925niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

wulixuejia -wona·haisenbao(1932niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng、jiaoshou)

wulixuejia -baoluo·dilake(1933niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuefangwenxuezhe)

wulixuejia -enlike·feimi(1938niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

wulixuejia -woerfugang·paoli(1945niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuezhujiao)

wulixuejia -bulaikete(1948niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuezhujiao)

wulixuejia -makesi·boen(1954niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshi、jiaoshou)

wulixuejia -bote(1954niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,xueshuweiyuanhuichengyuan)

wulixuejia -weigena(1963niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuezhujiao)

wulixuejia -gepeite·meiye(1963niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshi)

wulixuejia -baoer(1989niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxuejiaoshou)

wulixuejia -demoerte(1989niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshi)

wulixuejia -keluomo(2000niannuobeierwulijiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshi)

wulixuejia -ludeweixi·pulangteer(xiandaikongqidonglixuezhifu,getinggendaxuejiaoshou)

wulixuejia -xiaoduo·feng·kamen(gongchenglixuehehangkongjishudequanweizhuanjia,getinggendaxuexuesheng。qianweizhang,qianxuesen,guoyonghuaidengxuezhededaoshi)

huaxuejia -aotuo·walahe(1910niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng、jiaoshou)

huaxuejia -xiaoduo·lichazi(1914niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuefangwenxuezhe)

huaxuejia -woerte·nengsite(1920niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuejiaoshou)

huaxuejia -lichade·xigemengdi(1925niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuejiaoshou)

huaxuejia -adaofu·wendaosi(1928niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuejiaoshou)

huaxuejia -ouwen·lanmier(1932niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshi)

huaxuejia -bide·debai(1936niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuejiaoshou)

huaxuejia -hawote(1937niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshi)

huaxuejia -adaofu·butenante(1939niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshi、jiaoshou)

huaxuejia -aotuo·haen(1944niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,xueshuweiyuanhuichengyuan)

huaxuejia -manfuleide·aigen(1967niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshi)

huaxuejia -gehade·heerciboge(1971niannuobeierhuaxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshihou)

huaxuejia -tuomasi·shitaici (2009niannuobeierhuaxuejiadezhu,getinggendaxuefangwenxuezhe)

人文社会科学

aodilishouxiang -kelaimensi·meitenie(getinggendaxuefakexuesheng)

deyizhidiguozaixiang -aotuo·feng·bisimai(getinggendaxuefakexuesheng)

lianbangdeguozongtong -lixiade·feng·weicizeke(getinggendaxuefaxueboshi)

lianbangdeguozongli -gehate·shiluode(getinggendaxuefakexuesheng)

lianbangxianfafayuandafaguan -hansi·yuguo·kelaiyin(getinggendaxuefaxuexijiaoshou)

lishifaxuejia -fulidelixi·kaer·feng·saweini(getinggendaxuefakexuesheng)

minfaxuejia -ludaofu·feng·yelin(getinggendaxuefakexueshengjifaxuejiaoshou)

guojifaxuejia -lasa·aobenhai(getinggendaxuefaxueboshi)

minfaxuejia -kaer·lalunci(getinggendaxuefaxueboshi)

gongfaxuejia-hatemute·maoleier(getinggendaxuefaxueboshi)

zhengzhijia -ludeweixi·kuide(1927niannuobeierhepingjiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshi)

zhengzhijia -sedebuluomu(1930niannuobeierhepingjiangdezhu,xueshuweiyuanhuichengyuan)

jinrongjia - laiangneier·neisen·luosichaierde(luosichaierdejiazudisandaichuanren,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

jinrongjia -yuehan·piermengte·mogen(mogenjiazudaibiaorenwu,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

qiyejia -kelaiyinfeierte(ximenzizongcai,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

shehuixuejia -makesi·weibo(getinggendaxuexuesheng)

shehuixuejia -youergen·habeimasi(getinggendaxuexuesheng)

zhexuejia -yase·shubenhua(getinggendaxueboshi)

zhexuejia -aidemengde·husaier(getinggendaxuejiaoshou)

deguozhumingshiren -haiyinlixi·hainie(getinggendaxuefaxueboshi)

tonghuazuojia、yuyanxuejia -gelinxiongdi(getinggendaxuejiaoshou)

deguozuojia - woyiken(1908niannuobeierwenxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

deguozuojia - junte·weilian·gelasi(1999niannuobeierwenxuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

zhumingjiaoyujia、bolindaxuechuangbanren -weilian·feng·hongbao(getinggendaxuefakexuesheng)

jixianlin

医学

yixuejia -luobote·kehe(1905niannuobeieryixuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

yixuejia -meiqinikefu(1908niannuobeieryixuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng)

yixuejia -baoluo·ailihe(1908niannuobeieryixuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuerongyujiaoshou)

yixuejia -keleibosi(1953niannuobeieryixuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuexuesheng、rongyuboshi)

yixuejia -deerbulvke(1969niannuobeieryixuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshi)

yixuejia -ewen·neier(1991niannuobeieryixuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxuejiaoshou)

yixuejia -bote·sakeman(1991niannuobeieryixuejiangdezhu,getinggendaxueboshi、zhujiao)

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